All classes of goats need a diet of about 16% protein, which should include a good mix of energy and roughage. I should add. I raised nigerian dwarf goats for over 10 years and seen a lot of terrible nutritional information passed off as gospel. This figure doesn’t include space for supplies or play structures. Is that a problem? They do fine on good quality grass hay when they are not on pasture. It is attached to the wall, and goats are less likely to walk through it, getting the pan dirty, or to butt heads over the feed because they are all facing the same direction. During the summer, they don’t need anything extra while on pasture. For a goat, there’s a big difference between a 4-foot fence and a 3.5-foot fence. Also, consider including a climbable structure inside of their pens. The total size of shelter will depend on how many goats you’re planning on housing and running on the pasture. However, if you’re in a climate that experiences strong drafts, you may want to enclose the barn with walls to protect your goats from the wind.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'couchtohomestead_com-leader-1','ezslot_5',188,'0','0'])); If you’re not interested in a pole barn, and you’re looking to build a standard, closed barn, the average price can run $47,500. The only thing I’d add after raising dairy goats for over 40 years is a good goat proof fence. They can free range eat all day in our pastures as well! Their favorite food is grass, though mountain goats also eat mosses and plants. Can they freeze to death? The largest individuals stand over 3 ft. tall, and can weigh up to 300 lbs. What shelters would work best for goats? Today my video is on what my goats eat every day. Except for the first one who kidded outside the barn on a cold night and there were 2 large wet kids dead in the morning and one tiny little girl all dry and curled up. The owner said no. Also which kind of hay should I buy if they are both males and around 2 years old. The day she died out in the field. Ideally you would have another sheep and put them in their own space. Keep in mind, however, that it is a good idea to have at least two buckets available at all times so that if one buckets gets poop in it, the goats still have access to clean water. That first year, I was so cold because I wasn’t dressing properly for the weather. Kids like to jump on top of mom’s back, and if they slip off when their head is in the hay feeder, the result can be tragic. Goats need some kind of shelter from the elements and a safe place to bunk down. Keep the bedding dry and clean to reduce the chance of worms, parasites, and infection. Consistently harsh or wet weather can lead to frostbite, heatstroke, and infection, but providing a shelter with dry and clean bedding will combat these issues. I knew NOTHING but read everything I could and watched al the videos I could find. By giving land some time after grazing, the parasites will gradually die off.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'couchtohomestead_com-leader-3','ezslot_9',168,'0','0'])); If you think you’d want more goats one day, allow for more space in the shelter and pasture so you can expand. NO GOATS DON'T EAT EVERYTHING. 13. Know what goats need . Her name is Nea (means “purpose”) and she is now 3 months old. On rainy days when they won’t go out to eat I may give them some alfalfa pellets with their goat chow. 2 twin Nigerian and 1 Nubian. We add in brome hay, which is … If they have not had minerals available, they are probably deficient, so it’s normal for them to be consuming a lot for a couple of weeks. Here’s a cost estimate for different sizes of pole barns. My dad wants to raise goats and he asked me to help him out with it. Barber pole worms are an internal parasite that affects goats. Sorry for the book but I feel I’ve been through a lot all by myself and am pretty much blaming myself for all of it. I wanted to call a vet, in fact I DID but I was honest that it wasn’t my goat so they wouldn’t come out. Goats are able to digest foods like grass and weeds but cannot survive on browsing only. However losses of goats kids and adults were high and the milk production low. Supply cabinets (feed, bedding, equipment, and medicine). Hi, I have a 4 year old Nigerian weather and he gets grain everyday. Or should I use the slow release copper pills for the goats? In reality, dogs need more protein than humans do to survive. Water buckets can also quickly freeze in the winter, so consider getting a heated bucket so you don’t have to worry about thawing the ice. Now is this wrong? They are easier to handle, and goats like fresh water, which means you will need to refill them twice a day whether or not they are empty. This spacing is a good minimum requirement if you’re looking to get goats. After all, it'd be nice to have more fruit if... Hey, I'm Tyler Ziton. 05.02.2014 by thriftyhomesteader // 37 Comments. Loose minerals are so named because they are loose like salt and pepper rather than solid like a sugar cube. it is chock a block full of omegas and kept my goats sleek and healthy.. Given that most of us have different climates and threats around the homestead, there’s no one solution here. Goats that are sick, old, pregnant, or smaller are easy targets for many predators. https://thriftyhomesteader.com/do-goats-need-grain-during-pregnancy/. African Pygmy goat at the shoulder height averaging 15 to 20 inches tall. So, what’s the average space you’ll need per goat? If you get extreme winters, consider adding heating elements such as heaters and heated buckets. I’ll go find a livestock feed store near us and get some quality food for his goats. The momma seemed ok until the next day to witch she was still having contractions and trying to pass some placenta that looked like a string with blood clots in it. But besides allowing for enough space for goats, what other objects will take up space in the goat house and pasture? Their ability to be selective, to browse and to be flexible has enabled goats to survive in many environments. If you want pets, they should be castrated, so you are looking for wethers. I’ve been reading many of your discussions, questions and answers and I have a few concerns now. Unfortunately some people are confused by the instruction to castrate later and think that castration has something to do with a goat getting stones — it does not. Avoid situating the shelter on low ground that would accumulate rain. Building a three-sided shelter can cost anywhere from a few dollars (if you use scrap wood or pallets) to a few thousand dollars.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'couchtohomestead_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',167,'0','0'])); You can either opt for a three-sided shelter with a door or no door. They’re 8 weeks old. Grain can cause urinary calculi, which basically means urinary stones, and that can kill them. There is nothing magical about six months, but after that their growth seriously slows down, so they really don’t need grain or alfalfa. Now check your email to confirm your subscription. With your goat’s shelter, it’s important to factor in space for storage and cabinets for supplies such as feed, bedding, grooming equipment, and medicine. There are other events and tasks you should also be prepared to help your goats with. If you put a pan of grain on the ground, always remove it from the goat pen as soon as the grain is gone. Each kidding pen is normally 25 sq. If you do have predators in your area, consider upgrading your goats’ shelter to be enclosed when they’re herded inside for the night. . You definitely do NOT need to be giving them an all-stock sweet feed, and only does in milk need goat feed. Here’s what I found. For example, a mixture of corn, soybean meal, oats, and molasses we feed is around 14% protein. I just got 2 Nigerian dwarf wethers. In fact, if you are not planning to breed them for a year, they will probably get overweight if you continue to feed them grain, and overweight does sometimes have problems getting pregnant. Can I feed them alfalfa hay? All Rights Reserved. And one of the best ways to help your goats enjoy their caprine lives to the fullest is to ensure that they have healthy options for feeding. On the other hand, if you’re in a more extreme climate, a three-sided shelter, shed, or barn will provide better protection. https://thriftyhomesteader.com/goat-minerals/, Your email address will not be published. I live in Seattle Washington, so a place that runs throughout the country or can deliver. The long fiber is necessary for this. Alfalfa has too much calcium in it, so could cause zinc deficiency. A good quality grass hay should be fine for them until the last couple months of pregnancy when you’d move to at least 50% alfalfa hay. The Nubian could really care less. Nigerian dwarfs and pygmies only need about 1/2 cup each per day while standard sized goats need about twice that much. If so, she should kid by the end of this month. If you’re not needing as much protection from the elements, you can opt to build a pole barn. Thank you so much ❤️. When the weather is not bad I want them to be eating brush as much as possible, as the nice weather in my area is limited. Kids and goats that are pregnant, lactating, old, or sickly will have a much harder time regulating their body temperature, so it’s important to keep a close eye on them and help stabilize their body temperature with more bedding and heat (again, keeping fire-safety in mind). It should just be a treat. However, this cost can be reduced if you opt to build a barn with metal, such as using steel supports and beams, instead of wood. These have always been free range goats with basically no extra care and seem to be in good health. Their skin is wet from birthing, and if they’re exposed to the freezing cold for too long, they may not survive. If you like to hang out with your animals more than you do some people, goats are for you. They also need some vitamins which help them with bloating problem. While a goat’s cashmere coat can offer it some natural protection from the weather, there are cases when goats need a shelter that’s a bit more substantial. So my problem is minerals for both. If you leave it in there, the goats will walk through it, and you will have to wash it before every use. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'couchtohomestead_com-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_13',156,'0','0']));report this ad. So confused… do I just feed my girls hay from now on? From gardening to learning about living off-grid, homesteading has become a good fit and pairs well with Tyler's odd childhood dream – to one day own a goat. We all hate spam, so I don't spam, and I don't sell email addresses. You pay the same price when you purchase through affiliate links as you would if you went directly to Amazon, and our site earns a small commission, so by shopping through our links, you are helping to support our blog so that we can continue to provide you with free content. Or dirt floors work best for goats it has a different answer bag... 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