Once a solid educational foundation is laid in the child’s first language, the child learns more even through other languages spoken in his/her wider environment, Munonye (1991). According to Agagu (1990), parents’ and teachers’ perception of the use of mother tongue or the traditional language to teach the child is negative. When they speak in their mother-tongue they sometimes use English words in the midst It is no doubt that man expresses his hidden feelings in his mother tongue. To determine whether teachers have positive perception of the use of mother tongue as language of instruction in lower primary schools. At the primary level the child’s curiosity, creativity and activity in general should not be restricted by a rigid and unattractive methods of teaching and learning. The need for the use of mother tongue as a means of instruction in schools has featured prominently in educational discussions in recent times. Preserving mother tongues Many linguistic groups are becoming vocal about the need to ensure that the youngest members of their communities keep their linguistic heritage. To Develop Creative Faculties. To give training in logical thought and expression. It is better to teach pupils in their mother tongue than in a learned, foreign language,” he said, giving the Asian Tigers as examples. (3)         Ethnic: The customs of a particular group, race or tribe. 1.6.3 Model and support colleagues in the proficient use of Mother Tongue, Filipino and English to improve teaching and learning, as well as to develop the learners' pride of their language, heritage and culture. In recent years, the issue of mother tongue based language education in schools has come to the forefront of the education discussions worldwide, as nations aim to reach the Millennium Development Goal of Universal Primary Education, or Education for All (EFA). According to Obanya (1985:19), the child’s mother tongue is the child’s first language, the one in which he/she feels most at home with and which he/she uses most of the time. Mastery of the mother-tongue will cultivate in him the habit of reading for the acquisition of knowledge. There will be no significant difference between teachers’ perception of mother tongue and students’ academic performance at school. Objectives of Teaching Pronunciation. ». It is a compulsory subject. The descriptive survey research was used in order to collect data from respondents. Recommendations were proffered also. To bring about mental and emotional development. (4)         Achievement: This refers to the process of doing things successfully, especially using one’s own efforts and skill. The following terms were defined in this study: (1)         Mother Tongue: This refers to the language a child first learns to speak when he/she is a child e.g. For example, when parents and other caregivers are able to spend time with children and tell stories or discuss issues with them in their mother tongue, it will in a way help them to develop vocabulary and concepts in their mother tongue (the L1) thus, the children will be well prepared to learn the school language which is English Language (L2) and this will enhance their success educationally. The use of mother tongue as a means of communication and instruction in the primary schools has improved the academic performance of the primary school pupils. Several reasons made me think of this topic for my final assignment. The best practice research presented in this report serves to: Maria Cândida Gonçalves. Children who come to school with a solid foundation in their mother tongue develop stronger literacy abilities in the school language. In the process of educating the child, especially at the primary level, different languages could be used, for example, the mother tongue of the child. To satisfy the objectives of learning one has to use his mother tongue also. The main purpose of this study is to examine parents’ and teachers’ perception of the use of mother tongue as language of instruction in lower primary schools. Privacy Policy Creative aspect implies enabling the pupils to develop their imaginative and creative faculties through the study of literature and thus, creating literature themselves. Hopefully, this research will help the policy makers in terms of educational system implementation in addressing the context issues present in a locality and as a reference for future studies. Mother tongue can be any of the indigenous languages in the country. These differences help them to be more aware of how both languages are formed and use both more accurately. A total of four (4) public primary schools in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State were used. 2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Taking into consideration that this work would not be possible without the … The teaching of English is highly desirable for a English teacher. This has left the child to be more proficient in English Language which his/her teachers and parents mostly apply in teaching and interacting with them. In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. Thus, the teaching of mother tongue has diversified aims, from just learning to speak to the creation of literature and bringing about the development of various aspects of the personality of the pupils which is also the avowed aims of education. On the psychological level, a child’s sense of identity is grounded in his or her mother tongue. 3. Mother tongue according to Olayemi (1990), refers to any language indigenous to Nigeria. The objective of the current research endeavors to identify specific pedagogical competencies at the level of initial programs for mother-tongue teacher education. (2)         It will encourage the teachers on the use of mother tongue for instruction to pupils, especially at the lower primary level. But in India English is a foreign language. 2. The three major languages – Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba have become the subjects of study and examination even in secondary schools. This can open opportunities for the individual but, as Carolyn Savage explains, continuing to develop the mother tongue is vital to enhance learning. As a medium of instruction, the mother tongue is used in all learning areas from Kindergarten to Grade 3, except in … Development of teaching - learning materials in the students' mother tongue also provides the opportunity to bring in the students' world into the classroom. They will be able to express their feelings, thought and experiences. Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, Ijaw, Efik, Fulfulde etc. It is meant to address the high functional illiteracy of Filipinos where language plays a significant factor. The Abia State chapter of the National Institute for Nigerian Languages (NINLAN) has solicited the support of the Federal Government in producing graduate teachers that can teach science subjects in local languages. This study will cover the examination of parents’ and teachers’ perception of the use of mother tongue as language of instruction in the lower primary schools (1 – 3) in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State. The first three years of the primary education is termed the lower primary. Copyright. Importance of first … Also, Psychologists such as Baker (2000) and Cummins (1999) said that: “the first twelve years is the most formative in a child’s life, therefore, the mother tongue education for the child should be seen as a right and it’s denial be viewed as denial of the fundamental human right”. To examine the perception of parents towards the use of mother tongue as language of instruction at lower primary level. One of the important aims of teaching mother-tongue is to give our pupils a medium through which they can express themselves, not only for purpose of day-to-day life. THE IMPACT OF MOTHER TONGUE ON TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT BEGGINNER LEVELS Trabalho científico no ISE para obtenção do grau de Licenciado em Estudos Ingleses sob orientação da Dra. The study was conducted in Sidama zone, particularly in three Woredas which one school was drawn from each. Connect with wider communities across Asia and the world. The three major ethnic groups in Nigeria are: Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. mother tongue, and the latter the learned foreign language. For example, a pre reader is used in order to give the young learners an idea about the shapes and corresponding sounds that are represented by those shapes in the language. (3)         Parents will also learn from the results and recommendations of this study, because it will help to change their orientation about the use of mother tongue as language of instruction. A total of two hundred and forty (240) respondents were randomly selected and used for this study. This is because many parents, especially the ones living in the urban areas of Nigeria, do not even have the mastery of the mother tongues and this is applicable to the teachers. Challenges for Teaching Mother Tongue in a Multilingual Setting Unit 2 a mother tongue, the different types of books are produced and used in the classroom keeping some definite objectives in mind. Ø Mother Tongue Interference: – Most of the problems arise due to the interference of mother tongue in speaking English. Disclaimer Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested using the independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. To proffer possible solutions to the problem of negative perception of both parents and teachers towards the use of mother tongue as language of instruction in lower primary schools. Thereafter, English is used. When focussing on pronunciation it’s important that we focus on that… pronunciation. Learning the local language is considered as the sure way to improve behavior management skills. Whether it is done intentionally or inadvertently, when the child’s mother tongue is destroyed or ruptured, their relationships and interactions with parents and grandparents especially the uneducated ones, will be affected. The study provided answers to the following questions: 1. The objectives of the mother tongue language-based education in the Philippines are the independent variables in this study. A consequence of the ever-increasing popularity of international schools is the growth in the number of children learning in a language other than their first. Before starting his teaching, it requires for the teacher to fix up his aims and objectives. All students in Singapore primary schools. We understand and think in our mother tongue. (2)         There is a significant difference between teachers’ perception of mother tongue and children’s academic performance at school. 4. What are the aims and objectives of Teaching English in Upper-Primary Classes? The K to12 program which was implemented in the Philippines in 2012, emphasized the use of the mother tongue both as subject and as a medium of instruction in Kindergarten, Grades one, two and three. The language policy as stipulated in the National Policy on Education (1998) that, every child should learn the language of the immediate environment is not implemented at the lower primary school level. This expression may be oral and written. There will be no significant difference between the perception of parents and children’s mastery of the mother tongue at home. The approach employed to carry out the study was mixed one: quantitative and qualitative approach. 4. This aim is in fact the aim of all education; but mother-tongue is the most suitable instrument for providing training in logical thought and its expression. Discipline. They lack the capability and competence to impart it to their children. 3. Learning to learn was initially included in the teaching of the mother tongue, which is thought to be reasonable, especially if we bear in mind that it objective is the development of effective learning strategies of a verbal This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research, Item Type: Project Material |  57 pages |  1,606 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  55 pages |  5,170 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  54 pages |  2,290 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  52 pages |  2,466 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  54 pages |  2,311 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  51 pages |  1,774 engagements |, ©2020 IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, Impact of parents and teachers perception, Relevance of parents and teachers perception, Evaluation of parents and teachers perception, Optimization of parents and teachers perception, See More Education Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject. We always do a thing better if we know what we are trying to do. To what extent are teachers positively disposed to the use of mother tongue as language of instruction at lower primary school level? Ask learners to compare specific language structures to their mother tongue and identify the differences. (2)         Communication: This is the process of expressing ideas and feelings or of giving people information. In the same way, they acquire other academic competencies more quickly… Because without grasping the meaning of what one is studying one cannot learn it. As a subject, mother-tongue education focuses on the development of speaking, reading and writing from Grades 1 to 3 in the mother tongue. The following are some of the important aims and objectives of teaching mother-tongue: The first and foremost aim of teaching mother-tongue is to help our pupils to say simply and clearly what they want to say, and write simply and clearly what they want to write. Culture and Mother Tongue "It is the language community of the mother tongue, the language spoken in a region, which enables the process of enculturation, the growing of an individual into a particular system of linguistic perception of the world and participation in the centuries-old history of linguistic production." What are the factors militating against the use of mother tongue as language of instruction at the lower primary school level? It is very important to makethese students feel at home in the classroom. There are 3 official MTLs: Chinese; Malay; Tamil; Why it is important . Another important aim is to give pupils training in logical thought and its expression. Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Mother Tongue refers to “first-language-first” education that is, schooling which begins in the mother tongue and transitions to additional languages particularly Filipino and English. Some governments, such as in the Philippines, have recently established language-in … The importance of mother tongue language in education. 5. Also at school, the teachers cannot teach the children with the mother tongue because many do not have the mastery of the indigenous language such as Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Efik, Urobo, Nupe etc. (5)         The society will benefit from this study, because it will help the child to imbibe the cultural norms of the society through the mother tongue. Furthermore, in the interest of national unity, it is expedient that every child should be required to learn one of the three Nigerian languages: Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. Objectives of the study The objectives of this study are to: 1. investigate the effectiveness of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on learning abilities of pre-school age children; 2. examine the difference in the impact of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on the learning abilities of male and female pre-school children. The following research hypothesis will be formulated and tested in this study: 1. Therefore, the success of the whole system of education is hinged on the success of the lower primary education level. The objectives of primary education are as follows: Literacy: The child should learn the first language the mother-tongue to a level where he can communicate his ideas easily. The specific objectives of this study are: 1. Therefore, both parents and teachers should have positive perceptions of the use of mother tongue as the language of instruction for children in lower primary schools. The specific objectives of this study are: 1. Children at the lower primary form the bedrock of the educational system in Nigeria. The firm linguistic foundation on the use of mother tongue enables the pupils to express themselves in English Language. (5)         Linguistic: The scientific study of language. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! From another point of view, the aims of teaching mother-tongue can be divided into the following four categories corresponding to the four aspects of language: Receptive aspect implies enabling the pupils to understand properly spoken and written language. It makes him efficient. Importance of teaching mother-tongue to a child. This goal can take many many years as well as a very high level of immersion. That is why, both parents and teachers do not have the right perception of the local languages. Language plays a very important and active role in the effective education of the child. Another important aim of teaching mother tongue is to teach the pupils to read for information and for pleasure. Mother tongue makes it easier for children to pick up and learn other languages; Mother tongue develops a child’s personal, social and cultural identity; Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills; Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the curriculum The operational categories of pedagogical competencies were subjected to the expertise of a group of 38 specialists in the field of language education in higher education. Transfer, as it will be described below, may be positive or negative, and in both cases it may be useful for methodological implications, especially positive transfer. The prohibition and the use of mother tongue … A primary school pupil according to the National Policy on Education, 3rd Edition (1998) comprises children aged between 6 – 11 years) plus. Appreciate their cultural heritage. Appreciative and Critical aspect implies enabling the pupils to appreciate the beauty of literature as well as critically assess the same. 3. The Nigerian National Curriculum Conference held in 1969, declared that: “The Nigerian primary school child should be well grounded in his mother tongue”. This is the first acquired language by the child from parents who are the child’s first teachers, Abingbola (1995). The Bridge: Journal of Educational Research-Informed Practice Volume 2, Issue 3: December 2015 ISSN 2056-6670 CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 26 Introduction Language and education are such intertwined entities that no education related practices and activities can take place without the former. Developing creative faculties of the pupils is one of the most significant aims of teaching mother tongue. The pupil has in his mother-tongue a medium through which he can give expression, in different directions, to his creative urge. Our methods are more likely to be to the point if we first decide what we want to do. Both the teachers and the students are very fluent in talking their own mother-tongue. Mother Tongue Language (MTL) is offered in Singapore schools as a second language. This call is to further reinforce its appeal for the introduction of mother tongue in tertiary institutions which benefit from the Tertiary Education […] To find out the factors militating against the use of mother tongue as language of instruction at the lower primary school level. Who is it for. 4. Through the use of the mother tongue, the teacher ensures that the learning is happening . The point of pronunciation is that we understand which word the speaker is trying to say. What are the aims and objectives of teaching English? The National Policy on Education (1998) stipulates the importance of language as a means of promoting social interaction, national cohesion and preserving cultures. What are the aims and objectives of Teaching English? As Agagu puts it, one cannot give what one does not have. One of the important aims of teaching mother-tongue is to give our pupils a medium through which they can express themselves, not only for purpose of day-to-day life. Expressive aspect implies enabling the pupils to express their thought orally and in writing in the language which is clear, correct and effective. Various educationists including the former Minister of Education, Professor Babs Fafunwa have recommended the use of the mother tongue as a medium of instruction in the first three years of the primary schools. Other problems are: linguistic diversity problems of choice and unsteady educational policies in Nigeria school system. Hence, the mother tongue which is a means of transfer of cultural practices, norms and mores of the society should be given utmost priority. For example, the 1925 Memorandum on Education, the British Colonial Government Officially approved the use of mother tongue in education. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. Content Guidelines teaching experience into account, Zone 3 was specifically chosen. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), has been pioneering and promoting the use of the mother tongue as a means of education and more actively so in the last decade. Based on the results obtained at the end of the analyses, it could be deduced that, the way both parents and teachers perceive the use of mother tongue as a medium of instruction at school, to a large extent influence the children’s mastery of the mother tongue and their performance in it. 1.6.1 Use Mother Tongue, Filipino and English to facilitate teaching and learning. The main objective of the study is to assess the attitudes and perceptions of school community towards mother tongue based classroom instruction. TOS To what extent are parents positively disposed towards the use of mother tongue as language of instruction at lower primary school level? This expression may be oral and written. Therefore, any credible educator will agree that schools should build on the experiences and knowledge that children bring to the classroom and instruction should also promote children’s abilities and talents, Maxwell (1984). Inspite of the growing interest in the use of mother tongue as language of instruction, English language serves as both a subject and medium of instruction in most schools at the lower primary school level (1 – 3), Etim (1989). According to him, many Nigerian languages are rendered useless economically and are also viewed as inferior to English language. Determination of aims and objectives is absolutely essential to succeed in any undertaking. 3. The challenge for parents, teachers and policy-makers is to shape the evolution of national identity in such a way that the right of the school children are respected and the cultural, linguistic and economic resources of the nation are maximized. issues in the Mother Tongue based Teaching, grounding on the experience of the teachers. Limited time and resources on the part of the researcher will not permit  detailed and more result - oriented study of this topic. 2. 1.6.2 Display proficient use of Mother Tongue, Filipino and English to facilitate teaching and learning. Whatever be our mother tongue we have to accept it. At primary school level, which is our major concern, some efforts in the use of mother tongue have been made, although with varying degrees of success. The sample size is made up of one hundred and twenty (120) parents and one hundred and twenty (120) teachers. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. The primary education is graded from Primary 1 to 6. This has engendered various reactions especially on the teachers handling the subject and using it as a medium. At the end of the analyses, the results obtained show that: (1)         There is a significant difference between parents’ perception of mother tongue and children’s mastery of mother tongue at home. 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