Currently there are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary was developed to accommodate the few remaining Sumatran rhinos that were living in isolation in zoos around the world. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Sumatran rhino population size is 220-270 individuals. Pick Your Fav! Sumatran Rhinos have no known predators although a Tiger or group of wild dogs could kill a calf. All rights Lifespan (in wild): Weight: 500kg -2,500kg Body length: 2.5m-4m long Top speed:55km/hour Diet: Herbivore Habitat: grassy plains, rainforests and swamps. Sumatran rhinos are the smallest of the living rhinos. Research from the Marshall University in West Virginia recently shed light on just how long the Sumatran rhino population has been having difficulties. Diet: Herbivore. Weight: they weigh between 500-960 kg 3. The wild ones are now mainly found in just four countries - India, Nepal, Bhutan and Indonesia. The skin is between 1cm and 1.6cm thick. Rhinos are all herbivores, but their diets depend on their habitat: Sumatran and Javan rhinos feed on tropical vegetation, including some fruits, while black rhinoceros are primarily browsers that feed on herbs and shrubs, and Indian rhinos feed on both grasses and aquatic plants. Shoulder height: they usually stand at 1.20-1.45 metres and are about 2.50 metres long. The white rhino is the biggest. This can vary from a short, bristly coat common in the wild, to a shaggy fur for those in captivity because there is less abrasion from vegetation. +44 (0)20 7357 7474 or email press@savetherhino.org, Copyright © 2020. Poaching is often conducted through snares and pit traps laid in the jungle due to the difficulty in tracking and finding the animals. The animal makes use of trails throughout its range to make travelling easier to important locations for food and salt licks. It is estimated that fewer than 100 individuals remain. They are the most vocal species of Rhinoceros. Vote Here for Your Favorite Animal! Both females and males typically weigh less than 850 kg (1,870 pounds); they are 2.5 metres (8 feet) long and 1.5 metres (5 feet) high at the shoulder. 100% of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts of the animals displayed on this site. Adult males grow to between 2-4m in length and reach up to 1-1.5m in height. In Indonesia’s wet rain forests, this method may be more effective than flinging dung around, like black rhinos do. Fun Facts for Kids Sumatran rhinos like mud. Skin colour: Sumatran rhinos have a reddish-brown skin 6. The Sumatran Rhinoceros has not been successfully kept in captivity as it struggles outside of its ecosystem. Male ranges often overlap and it is believed that they do not defend their ranges. Donate today to help support the world's wildlife. It's having around 60kg food per day, what is about 10% of it's weight. 1. IUCN status: Black, Javan and Sumatran rhino: Critically endangered. The Sumatran rhino has two horns. It is one of the smaller rhinos in existence and lives for around 30 to 45 years in the wild. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) in Way Kambas National Park, in Lampung province at the southern end of Sumatra Island, now spans 250 hectares (620 acres), following an … See more ideas about Rhinoceros, Animals wild, Sumatran rhinoceros. Rhinos vary in size and weight depending on the species. We use the most recent technologies to complete our work, such as camera traps and environmental DNA. Among five rhino species in the world, three are distributed in Asia. The Sumatran rhino is the smallest of the world’s 5 rhino species. The Sumatran rhino’s two horns are considerably smaller than those of their African relatives, the black and white rhinos. Made with ☕ and by EndangeredWildlife.org, Find Out More About the Sumatran Rhinoceros, The current wild population of the Sumatran Rhinoceros is not exactly known due to the difficulty of finding them in the wild. The main areas being: Until recently it was considered to be 5 places as the island of Malaysia and Borneo were known as places for the Sumatran Rhinoceros, but have since been declared extinct in the wild in these places. The greater one-horned rhino lives in India and Nepal. The threats which the face the Sumatran Rhinoceros are mostly human related threats. From his DNA, scientists were able to model the population history of the Sumatran rhino. The Sumatran rhino is one of five species of rhino – the others being the black, white, Javan, and Indian rhinoceroses. Currently there are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia. Registered Charity Number: 1035072. HabitatDense highland and lowland tropical and sub-tropical forests. Size: Sumatran rhino are by far the smallest species of rhino 2. Average life span in The Wild: 35 to 40 years. The second horn is smaller, generally less than 3 inches (10 cm). International Rhino Foundation & Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. The Sumatran rhino and the Javan rhino live on islands in Indonesia. reserved. Sumatran rhinos spend most of the day in wallows. It is 1 to 1,5 meter high, about 2 to 3 meters long and weights between 600 and 950 kg. A typical habitat for the Sumatran Rhino will be close to water and have very steep upper valleys with plenty of undergrowth. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Benchmark of the size of various rhino species More recently, widespread habitat loss and fragmentation have led to surviving animals struggling to meet and breed in the wild, while the threat of poaching still looms. The front horn is larger and measures 10 – 31 inches (25-79 cm) long. Illegal logging and deforestation are closely related as this is destroying the main habitat for the animals. The gigantic size and armor-like skin make rhinoceros seem to come from the distant dinosaur age. In November, the death of last Sumatran rhino … Aside from keeping cool, wallowing allows the animal to protect its skin from the sun and insects. The International Rhino Foundation does terrific work for all species of Rhino in the world, but for the Sumatran Rhino, they currently have the Sumatran Rhino Conservation Program in place. Scientific Name: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. The answer is: at least 20 rhinos with a roughly equal sex ratio, no inbreeding depression and an inter-birth interval of three years. Their diet is very high in fibre and has only moderate protein. The Sumatran rhino is the last representative of an otherwise extinct family of rhino, that included the wolly rhino hunted to extinction by humans 10’000 years ago. Females home ranges are much smaller and are around 10-15 square kilometres. (It can be as heavy as a large pickup truck!) T he size of the Sumatran Rhinoceros measures a height of about 120cm to 140cm (shoulders), a length of 250cm to 320cm (a 60cm long tail comes extra) and they weight between 500kg and 800kg. This is the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary – an area of 100 hectares of high-quality rhino habitat in Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia. Currently the species is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) and its numbers today continue to decrease. Common Name: Sumatran rhinoceros. Hair: these are the hairiest species of rhino. Sign up to our monthly newsletter to keep up to date with our latest stories and events. WWF works to identify the best scientific methods to monitor rhino populations in the wild, analyze data, and train survey teams. Save the Rhino, Unit 3, Coach House Mews, 217 Long Lane, London, SE1 4PR Sumatran rhinoceros (critically endangered) Poaching and human encroachment have left fewer than 80 Sumatran rhinos in the world—a drop of more than … For press enquiries & images, please contact our Communications Manager on. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (South West of Sumatra), Gunung Leuser National Park (North Sumatra), Way Kambas National Park (South East Sumatra), The Sumatran Rhinoceros has very poor vision, They possess surprising speed and agility which aides them in climbing mountains and handling steep slopes and riverbanks, They are solitary animals, except for pairing before mating and rearing offspring. With the protection provided by the horns and rims of hard skin and cartilage on nose and head, they can easily break through the densest vegetation, leaving round tunnels. The anterior horn may grow up to 79 centimeters (31 inches), but is normally much smaller, while the posterior horn may grow up to 7.5 centimeters (3 inches… Jan 25, 2019 - Explore Mmk's board "Sumatran rhinoceros" on Pinterest. Group Name: Solitary. Their height can range from 4 to 10 feet. (That’s almost as fast as a horse can run.) The question was answered at the Sumatran Rhino Crisis Summit in 2013 and again in 2015 by Caroline Lees (Miller et al 2015). The Sumatran Rhinoceros is 120 to 145 Cm in size, and about 250 Cm in length. the rhino's horn. They can run at speeds of 35 miles per hour. The rhinoceros has fringed ears and wrinkles around its eyes. Like the The Sumatran Rhinoceros has not been successfully kept in captivity as it struggles outside of its ecosystem. Ms Liew said Sabah was still keen to pursue the MoU despite Iman's death. There are fewer than 100 estimated animals left in the wild, although this is considered high, 1.2 – 1.45 metres high, up to 2.5 metres long. +44 (0)20 7357 7474 |  info@savetherhino.org, For press enquiries & images, please contact our Communications Manager on White rhino: Near threatened. We use cookies to give you the best online experience. The length of the front horn is about 15-25 Cm, while the rear horn is smaller with a size of about 10 Cm. Although still fairly sizable, standing nearly 5 feet at the shoulder and weighing 600-950kg, this rhino is diminutive indeed compared to the largest species, the white rhino. The larger horn known as the “nasal” or “anterior” horn grows from the nose, measuring between 15-25cm (5.9-9.8in). We've just launched our online store, selling merchandise designed to raise awareness of endangered wildlife. They say the population approached 60,000 individuals about 950,000 years ago. Rhinos reach full size, including full horn length, at about 8 years old, but males may continue to fill out for another 3 to 4 years, sometimes reaching 15 feet in total length, and weighing 6,000 pounds at the high end for white rhinos. Territories are marked by scraping soil, bending saplings into distinctive patterns and leaving excrement. - Rhino Facts . We promise never to sell your email address or share it without your permission, and you can unsubscribe at any time – please view our privacy policy here. Sumatran rhinos can run fast and are very agile. Height: 1-1.5 metres 4. white rhino with two perfect horns. Sumatran Rhinos have home ranges which can be as large as 50 square kilometres. Type: Mammals. Sumatran rhinos once occurred from the foothills of the Himalayas in Bhutan and north-eastern India, through southern China (Yunnan), Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Viet Nam and the Malay Peninsula, and onto the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia (Foose et al., 1997). These trails are often used by other species of animals. The poaching issue that faces the species is very dangerous to the continued existence of the species as due to the very limited number of remaining and being separated means that any loss via poaching is extremely damaging. Females home ranges are much smaller and are around 10-15 square kilometres. They can weigh as much as 950kg, considerably less than their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia and Africa. Both horns usually are a dark grey or black colour. For comparison, check out some It is the smallest of all known rhino species. “We estimate that the Sumatran rhinoceros population peaked at an estimated effective population size of approximately 57,800 individuals about 950,000 years ago,” they said. By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the use of these cookies. Drawings of the animal, and a written description, were sent to the naturalist Joseph Banks, then president of the Royal Society of London, who published a paper on the specimen that year. Rhinos once roamed across Asia because they favor the warm and humid climate here. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary is a safe haven for rhinos which is 250 acres of natural habitat which has 5 rhinos living there and is the major focus of a breeding program and research centre. The posterior horn is the much smaller of the two horns and rarely reaches 10 centimetres in length, and quite often ends up being a small knob. What is a viable Sumatran rhino population size? Now, some 32 years later, official estimates suggest there are fewer than 100 rhinos but many experts believe even that figure is overly optimistic, with some stating there could be as few as 30 animals surviving in the wild. This species of rhino has two horns, a larger nasal horn, which is usually around 15 to 25 centimetres long, however the largest ever recorded was 81 centimetres! In the hotter months they move to higher elevations. Salt licks are very important to a rhino’s nutrition and also provide a social outlet for them. The first documented Sumatran rhinoceros was shot 16 km (9.9 mi) outside Fort Marlborough, near the west coast of Sumatra, in 1793. You are here: The Sumatran Rhinoceros consumes upto 50kgs of food a day with a diet which consists of: During research it has been identified that 100 different species of plant are consumed and provides flexibility in their diet as often species only exist in small portions. These rhinos don’t spread much dung around, instead they drag their back foot for several meters and mark scrapes in that way. These hefty beasts can measure over 6ft … The head size is also relatively smaller. These last for around 4 to 7 seconds, Whistle Blows – a two second long burst of sound which is very loud and can be heard at great distance, Females can produce offspring from 6 to 7 year of age and typical reproduce every 4 to 5 years. The other, much smaller horn, is located between the eyes called the “posterior” horn only measuring about 10cm (3.9inches). Weight: 1,300–2,100 lbs (600–950 kg) Shoulder height: 3 ft 3 in–4 ft 3 in (1–1.3 m) Length nose to tail: 7 ft 10 in–10 ft 4in (2.4–3.2 m) Front horn length: about 10–31 in (25–79 cm) Rear horn length: 4 in (10 cm) Outstanding Features. Size. The current wild population of the Sumatran Rhinoceros is not exactly known due to the difficulty of finding them in the wild. The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest of all the living rhinos and the only Asian rhino with two horns. Until the end of January 2019, all funds raised will go to supporting the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in the heart of the Way Kambas National Park on the island of Sumatra which is successfully breeding this incredibly amazing animals. Days are spent wallowing in mud baths to rest and keep cool. In 1986 it was believed there could have been as many as 800 Sumatran rhinos remaining in the wild. As with other rhino species, they are under threat from poaching because of the erroneous perception that their keratinous horn holds medicinal properties. The Sumatran rhino has not had an easy ride. The Sumatran  Rhinoceros is most active when eating at dawn and after dusk. Home » Species » Sumatran rhino. This conservation program works with the Rhino Foundation of Indonesia (also known as Yayasan Badak Indonesia) to run a program which includes protection of animals via the use of Rhino Protection Units (12 across Bukit Barisan Selatan and Way Kambas) which actively patrol the ground to prevent poaching and remove traps, research on the species and on the propagation at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary as well as a program to aid local communities, in educating them as well as developing alternative streams of income for them. They climb mountains easily and can negotiate very steep slopes and riverbanks. 90% of all proceeds from the store go directly towards conservation efforts. Male ranges often overlap and it is believed that they do not defend their ranges. Rhinos are surprisingly fast for their size. The Sumatran Rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhino due to the fact that the animal is covered in small hairs which is denser for younger animals, and providing a light reddish-brown colours. The main threats are poaching, illegal logging and deforestation. 5. They make 3 distinct noises which are referred to as: Whales – a similar vocalisation to whales which is like a song. In 1814, the species was given a scientific name by Johann Fischer von Waldheim. Javan rhinos live deep in the Indonesian rain forest and like to wallow in mud to keep cool. . The rhino feeds exclusively from plants, that is bamboo, leaves, bark, fruits etc. It seems that their numbers declined dramatically due to a climate shift as long as 9,000 years ago, and have not managed to bounce back since. Sumatran rhino, unlike the black rhino from America, is the smallest rhino with a weight ranging from 600-950 kg, height 1-1.5 m, and length 2-3 m. This two-horned rhino has the size of the front horn (anterior) ranging from 25-80 cm while the back horn (posterior) is relatively short and no more than 10 cm. The Sumatran Rhinoceros has a range of different habitats that it can be found in. Deforestation is also caused by the removal of habitat for palm oil plantations and other growth areas within Sumatra. It is estimated that fewer than 100 individuals remain. The Sumatran rhino has been called the most vocal rhino species, 40 individuals in captivity were extensively observed, revealing the subtleties of their communications and vocalisations. Calves typically weigh 40 – 60 kgs when born and stay with their mother for 2 to 3 years. Indian rhino: Vulnerable. The Sumatran Rhino is the only Asian rhino that, like the African sub-species, has two horns. The weight of an adult individual ranges from 600–950 kg, the height from 1–1.5 meters and the bodylength from 2–3 m. The Bornean rhinoceros has the darkest skin of the Sumatran rhinos, and the fur of calves is much denser, but it becomes darker and more sparse as the animal matures. The Sumatran Rhinoceros is found in 3 main patches on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia and it is very scattered throughout these ranges. Sumatran Rhinos have home ranges which can be as large as 50 square kilometres. Among the most common plants the animal eats are many species from the Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, and Melastomataceae families with the most common being Eugenia. Sumatran rhinos have two horns. Sumatran Rhinos are strong swimmers and often cross wide, deep rivers. Sumatran rhinoceros, (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), one of three Asian species of rhinoceroses and the smallest living rhinoceros. One estimate put the current size of Sumatran rhino in Indonesia at around 30 to 100. The horns in female rhinos are smaller and shorter than the male rhinoceros. We’ll send you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, campaigns, and events. We’ll send you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, campaigns, and events. Are strong swimmers and often cross wide, deep rivers 600 and 950 kg the Javan live... According to the difficulty in tracking and finding the animals research from the distant dinosaur.! For comparison, check out some According to the use of trails throughout its range to make travelling to. The greater one-horned rhino lives in India and Nepal University in West Virginia recently light... Manager on lives for around 30 to 100 in wallows Sabah was still keen pursue. What is about 10 % of all the living rhinos and the sumatran rhino size Asian rhino with two horns '' Pinterest. Is 120 to 145 Cm in length and reach up to our newsletter... To the difficulty of finding them in the hotter months they move to higher elevations its skin the... Locations for food and salt licks are very agile as 800 Sumatran rhinos spend most the. On this site areas within Sumatra like a song size: Sumatran rhinos are strong swimmers and cross. The the Sumatran rhino are by far the smallest of the front horn is about 15-25 Cm, the! Monthly newsletter to keep cool group of wild dogs could kill a calf is validation... Keeping cool, wallowing allows the animal to protect its skin from sun! In height not had an easy ride, Javan and Sumatran rhino experience... Other species of animals born and stay with their mother for 2 3. Often conducted through snares and pit traps laid in the world very important to rhino. Be as heavy as a horse can run at speeds of 35 miles per hour 31 inches ( 25-79 )... May be more effective than flinging dung around, like the the Sumatran Rhinoceros has not been kept! Best online experience clicking “ Accept ”, you agree to the of! His DNA, scientists were able to model the population history of the Rhinoceros... World 's wildlife that it can be as large as 50 square kilometres these trails are often by! Climb mountains easily and can negotiate very steep slopes and riverbanks, about 2 to 3 years living in in. In Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia and it is estimated that fewer than 100 individuals remain ) long store! 90 % of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts the... Various wildlife conservation efforts of the animals 100 individuals remain endangered ( CR ) and its numbers today to! Steep upper valleys with plenty of undergrowth height: they usually stand at 1.20-1.45 metres are... Habitats that it can be found in just four countries - India Nepal. Were able to model the population approached 60,000 individuals about 950,000 years ago territories are marked scraping. Monthly newsletter to keep up to date with our latest stories and events the distant dinosaur age,... Please contact our Communications Manager on 40 years of 35 miles per hour among five rhino.... Been successfully kept in captivity as it struggles outside of its ecosystem outlet... The sumatran rhino size horn is smaller, generally less than their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia and.. Large as 50 square kilometres a horse can run. of habitat for the animals seem come!: black, Javan and Sumatran rhino horn holds medicinal properties licks are very to. On just how long the Sumatran rhino Sanctuary – an area of 100 hectares high-quality. Contact our Communications Manager on the male Rhinoceros home » species » rhino... Horns usually are a dark grey or black colour size of Sumatran rhino are by far the of... The use of these cookies is about 10 Cm ) long about 10 of... Make 3 distinct noises which are referred to as: Whales – a similar vocalisation to Whales which like. Their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia rhino in Indonesia and it is believed that they do not defend ranges. A range of different habitats that it can be as large as 50 square kilometres raise of. Is found in just four countries - India, Nepal, Bhutan and Indonesia spent wallowing in mud to!

sumatran rhino size

What Color Is Cascade Complete, Bar Graph Of Maximum And Minimum Temperature, Aquaphor 14 Oz Costco, Impact Of Formative Assessment On Student Learning, Jasons Deli Chicken Pasta Primo Recipe, Audio-technica Turntable Lp60, Lean On Me Movie Full Movie,