Case studies are a popular research method in business area. (Stake, 2005). In a multiple-case studies design, effects are studied between and within participants based on the context of the behavior. In the view of Yin, “the case study represents an empirical research that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, and includes a method comprehensive, with the logic of planning, gathering and data analysis.†Can include both single case studies as multiple, as well as quantitative approaches and qualitative research. Although they are considered generic, this does not mean that they are done with mediocrity. A descriptive study follows the subject to describe and analyze the context and setting in an attempt to explain the behavior in question. There are different types of qualitative research methods like an in-depth interview, focus groups, ethnographic research, content analysis, case study research that are usually used. Case study evaluations, using one or more qualitative methods, have been used to investigate important practical and policy questions in health care. Both case study and narrative research gather a great deal of highly detailed information on each case, e.g., a case study may collect a detailed account of a particular social program; or a narrative inquiry may result in long, very personal stories associated with a chronic illness. Interviews: personally asking people questions in one-on-one conversations. For this reason, case study research often involves the use of multiple methods for collecting data. One-on-one interviews . The qualitative methods described below are all likely to be used in case study research. It uses a number of different research methodologies. [2] [3] Another suggestion is that case study should be defined as a "research strategy", an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. The forms of inquiry include naturalistic inquiry, field study, interpretative research, case study, ethnography, participant observation, and inductive research. However, much can be learned from a particular case. qualitative case study to answer the research questions that frame this study. From an ontological perspective, unlike the position of the positivist paradigm in which there is the belief that there is only one truth and that objective reality does exist independent of human perception, this study employs the constructivist view of reality and the essence of phenomenon. ). However, some methods are more commonly used in one type or the other. The case study is one of the widely used types of q ualitative research methods that evolved over the last few years. Name: Course: Lecturer: Date: Introduction. This paper describes the features of a well designed case study and gives examples showing how qualitative methods are used in evaluations of health services and health policy. Case studies, as a research design, are also being conducted across disciplines and research traditions. Case studies may involve both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This paper describes the features of a well designed case study and gives examples showing how qualitative methods are used in evaluations of health services and health policy. Yin RK. This is a qualitative case study conducted under an interpretive research paradigm. There are different types of qualitative research methods like an in-depth interview, focus groups, ethnographic research, content analysis, case study research that are usually used. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. Case study methods. Case studies may be included in larger quantitative or qualitative studies to provide a concrete illustration of findings, or they may be conducted independently, either longitudinally or in a more limited temporal period. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three categories: explanatory, descriptive and exploratory. A descriptive study would highlight both the setting and the subjects' reactions in an attempt to better understand the effects of the setting. The case study model looks into the single subject in-depth to elaborate it in a more comprehensive way. The first foundation of the case study is the subject and relevance. Case studies may be descriptive or explanatory. Studies in business research belonging to this category usually describe culture or sub-culture, and they attempt to discover the key phenomena. 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case study in qualitative research

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