Small, new potatoes. Early to early-main crop Yield Medium to high yield Tubers Medium uniform tubers Long-oval shape Yellow skinned with light yellow flesh Very shallow eyes Low susceptibility to growth cracks, very suited to free draining soils Eating Quality Suitable for early and early main washing and prepacking markets. Gypsum helps loosen clay and compaction without upsetting the soil pH. Add a layer of vegetable mix to plant into. Ideally potatoes should not be grown in the same soil more than once in three years. a.tip:hover span { Potatoes can be planted once the risk of frost has passed. Growing your spuds directly in ground remains the most popular method. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. } } Harvest approximately 10 weeks from planting. Early potatoes are planted at a time of year when the soil is still chilly, so sprouting or "chitting" your seed potatoes first also helps break their dormancy and guard against rot. A number of types of potatoes which were introduced early became strongly associated with Māori, and are now known as Māori potatoes. margin: 10px; J Potatoes can be planted once the risk of frost has passed. And gone are the days when you were obliged to purchase a 2kg bag … One of the advantages of growing potatoes during cooler weather is that pests and diseases are less of a problem. Harvest approximately 13 weeks from planting. There are 3 main types of potato. Buy seed potatoes fresh each year for bigger crops and less risk of pests and disease. Search just the article name and introductory paragraph; it's quicker, a "once over lightly". Heirloom Potatoes and State of Maine Variety Certified, disease-free seed potatoes can be bought from all garden centres, and though they may seem pricey they more than pay for themselves come harvest time, in so much as there will be a guaranteed harvest time! J There are 3 main types of potato. Prevention. Any potato will grow in ground that is moist, fertile and well-drained. Potatoes vary in size, shape, color, texture and time to maturity. First Early Potatoes. Potatoes are traditionally planted in rows that have had soil mounded up. ©2020 New Zealand Plant Producers Incorporated. position: relative Learn more. Maori cultivated the Taewa (potato) amd gave them Maori names. As soon as the first tubers are big enough, even if the flowers are still open, you can gently loosen the soil, reach under the plant, and take the largest tubers, leaving the tiniest ones to keep growing. Consider swapping and sharing with friends if you only have space to plant a few. a.tip { background: url(../images/status-info.png) #f0f0f0 no-repeat 100% 5%; Companions Before planting expose seed potatoes to light to start shoots growing. Avoid direct sun as this can burn or par-cook the seed! After a few weeks, shoots will start to appear. 140 days. The most common varieties available would be Agria, Fianna and Red Jackets. Van Rosa. The tubers (‘seed potatoes’) sold in garden centres are certified seed for guaranteed success. Seed potatoes look like regular potatoes but smaller. In trenches 20cm deep, space tubers about 30cm apart with their sprouts pointing upwards. } Swift: White. Early harvest waxy potato suitable for boiling, salads, casseroles, soups. It is very productive. To get a bumper crop always use certified virus free seed potatoes and plant after frosts have passed in early spring through to early summer. Care must be taken not to plant the seed potatoes too early, however, as the pieces may rot in overly damp soil, and likewise, if planted in March, they stand a chance of being frozen back by a late frost. Its only fault is its hollow eyes. top: 10px; This is because potatoes are susceptible to diseases. You are more likely to get a good crop from certified seed potatoes. When the shoots are about 3-5cm long, rub off all but the best four from each tuber. Well-rotted animal manures also provide effective nutrition but are best placed below the level of the tubers where the roots will reach them, taking care not to have tubers in direct contact with concentrated fertiliser. Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) Soil. Cliff Kidney: Tinged pink. Jersey Benne: White. Taewa take approximately 17 weeks to harvest, from planting Huakaroro: Round, oval with a cream skin, and cream flesh. Taewa were brought from South America to NZ in the late 18th century by Europeans. A general fertiliser or potato food can be mixed into the soil before planting. Both disease can look very similar, especially in the early stages of the disease. VERSATILE EARLY SEASON ALL PURPOSE POTATO SUITABLE FOR PRE-PACKING AND PROCESSING INTO FRENCH FRIES. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. With winter planting, pre-sprouting seed potatoes makes for rapid growth after planting. Nadine: White. Potatoes need not be planted in rows. Early potatoes can be planted in rows just one foot (30cm) apart, while maincrop potatoes need … It's important to know that spuds hate heavy, wet soil and will show their antipathy by dying outright or delivering crops of oddly formed, half-rotted tubers (although some cultivars tolerate the wet better than others). In earlier generations, Kiwi gardeners chose potatoes as their first crop for a new section because they're easy to grow and are good at breaking up heavy or previously uncultivated soil. Once the shoots reach 40-100mm long, its time to plant. Some claim piling up earth around the stems dramatically improves crops, but I've found that seed spuds planted relatively deeply (20cm) in loose, well-worked and, most importantly,  well-drained soil will crop comparably with those rigorously mounded up. Potatoes are the most widely grown and important vegetable crop in New Zealand. Potatoes grow best in a warm sunny position. 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Growing potatoes really is child's play - here Manawatu school pupils plant them in buckets. When starting out as a potato grower it’s fun to try a few different varieties as they vary greatly in texture and flavour. These will eventually form the above-ground parts of your plants. Waxy potato suitable for boiling, salads, casseroles, soups. It will likley find fewer articles than a "deep" search. a.tip span { Not usually required if plants are deeply mulched with straw, grass clippings, rotted leaves, or another organic mulch. Early, Main Crop, and Salad – and when they’re ready is variety dependent. Start chitting potatoes in August to give them a head start for September planting. For example, Early Crops and Salad potatoes should mature within 3 months, and Main Crops within 6 months. Grow in bags, containers or in the ground. For example, Early Crops and Salad potatoes should mature within 3 months, and Main Crops within 6 months. For this reason, she suggests keeping a record of your planting dates so you know when you can start digging around the plants to check for baby tubers - about 60-100 days after planting. Web Design by Activate. You can grab some from your local garden centre or, if you’re a fan of online shopping like we are, head to NZ Bulbs and get some delivered direct to your door. Fertile, well drained soil that has not been amended with manure for at least 6 months. display: block; The process of seed potato certification involves field inspections throughout the growing season, to check for disease and to ensure that varieties are true to type, as well as a winter grow-out of the seed, to screen for disease contamination. Early potatoes start arriving in garden centres in June or July. STEP 1: BUY SEED POTATOES Potatoes are generally propagated via tubers. z-index: 100; Late and early blight are foliar diseases that can devastate potato yields for which the Bayer fungicides, Reason and Infinito are highly effective control options. sun-kissed fields of Cornwall and Jersey, both flanked by warming seas and blessed with rich, chocolatey soils. Without light the sprouts grow long and weak which break off too easily at planting time. Search the full article stories - it's takes longer, digging deeper and will likely find more articles than a "quick" search. text-decoration: none; No. There are several schools of thought about planting spuds. A good keeper. Heavier soils can be improved by adding compost or gypsum. High in water, low in starch, firm and ideal for “new potatoes”. The tubers (‘seed potatoes’) sold in garden centres are certified seed for guaranteed success. Early potatoes will be ready to harvest in a certain number of days-second early and main potatoes are ready when the plant flowers and dies. Those saved from the previous year, or bought at the supermarket might grow but the yields are likely to disappoint. A range of early potatoes from Lynda Hallinan's trial crop. The growing and packing of seed potatoes is carried out on farms within the area of the Canterbury Plains. Those saved from the previous year, or bought at the supermarket might grow but the yields are likely to disappoint. A sunny patch of soil, a tub, a bucket or a sack is all you need to grow a satisfying crop of potatoes to harvest in time for Christmas. cursor: help; Rocket is the fastest producing of early varieties and provides a good yield. Seed potatoes are small potatoes (usually fairly dried up and wrinkled) which are free of viruses and other diseases. These potatoes are low in water content and high in starch. Moemoe: A round/oval potato with a light purple/cream skin and cr… In the 20th century pigs and potatoes remained important for hospitality. Choose a relatively sunny site and dig lots of organic matter (such as compost and well-rotted manure) and fertiliser deep into the soil. Cliff Kidney performs best in soils that contain peat. Early potatoes are not suitable for storing in the ground as their skins are too thin and they become susceptible to scab. PÅ«hā and pork bones, a well-known Māori dish, is often served with potatoes. LOCATION J Potatoes grow best in a warm sunny position. }​. An excellent, firm potato for early cropping. Chitting is the very simple process of laying seed potatoes out on newspaper or straw in a dry, airy place out of direct sunlight. text-decoration: none; They also require much less space to grow than later varieties, so are ideal for small gardens. Location. Plant up from March to late May. Early, or new potatoes are fast and easy to grow. STEP 4: GET THEM IN THE GROUND Plant the tubers in trenches and gradually mound up the shoots as they emerge. position: absolute; Then partly fill the trench, covering the tubers with just 5-10cm of soil. But the traditional trench makes for easy management. This takes two to eight weeks, depending on temperature. Frost tolerant. Potatoes are easy to grow especially the new early varieties which mature quickly, are disease resistant and require less space to grow that the main crop varieties. For best results, potatoes need full sun and well-drained fertile soil. Before planting, seed potatoes can be "chitted". READ MORE Liseta has excellent taste. All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads. Regular spraying with copper (once a fortnight) is an effective way to prevent disease problems. They have a dry and delicate texture, break up easily when cooked and absorb a lot of liquid and flavour. There are various ways to provide the nutrition potato plants thrive on. Rocket is a good boiling potato with waxy texture. Swift is fast growing with exceptional taste, great for growing in containers. A range of early potatoes from Lynda Hallinan's trial crop. Veggie Boys Dunedin owner Marty Hay said a shortage of seed potatoes in the city, including Jersey bennes, meant people might be growing fewer of their own early potatoes this year. The disease is caused by the fungus Alternaria solani, which can also afflict tomatoes and other members of the potato family. padding: 5px 20px 5px 5px; Early potatoes can be harvested all at once but you don’t have to wait that long. General-purpose potatoes suitable for most us. Benefit from 'chitting' prior to planting. Parentage 002/9 x V394 Breeder NZ Plant & Food Research Breeder's Representative Eurogrow Potatoes Maturity Second early to early main crop between Ilam Hardy and Moonlight Yield Very high. They Don't leave them to form fruit (unless you want seed – which can be grown on with mixed results) as this may lead to smaller spuds. Seed Potato and Product Suppliers. Prepare your soil with organic matter like compost and sheep pellets. The new potatoes form between the seed potato and the soil surface, while the leaves manufacture energy for their growth. Early potatoes "chitted" in an egg carton and ready for early planting, Early shoots - mound over with soil to protect from frosts, Soil mounded around the shoots as they grow. Swift potatoes are the earliest of the first early potatoes and they are ready for harvest, if conditions are correct, 10 weeks after the seed potatoes are planted. The Tomato and Potato Psyllid  (TPP)  gets active when the weather warms up in late spring, but covering potato plants with bug net to block these tiny bugs laying their eggs has been show to improve yield and quality despite the presence of this dreadful pest. Planted in mid-winter, they may be ready to eat as early as October or November. Every potato grown this way is effectively a clone of the original plant bred way back whenever – in some cases hundreds of years ago. Johnny's sells Maine Certified Seed Potatoes. width: 250px; 100 days Early cropper. border-bottom: 0px dashed; Full sun. What is Potato Early Blight? Position. In Britain this means the (relatively!) The very best yields come from loose but moisture retentive soil. A good sized seed potato is about the size of an egg. All potato plant varieties may be planted in March or April whether early season, midseason or late-season potatoes. Moderate starch and not too floury or waxy. Rotate your crops. Desiree: Pink/red. READ MORE: * Lynda Hallinan: The best early potatoes for Kiwi gardens * 5 tips for making your garden flourish with heavy clay soils * What to do in the garden this week Although any supermarket-bought spud will grow, it's not a good idea to use the potatoes that are already in your pantry as seed spuds as they may be contaminated with any number of diseases which could affect your spud crop – and possibly your tomato, eggplant and pepper harvest too. Midseason potatoes can be planted as late as the first of July, … Potatoes NZ Inc. commissioned Plant & Food Research to carry out a literature review to gather as much information as possible in order to provide the NZ potato industry with the current nutritional composition and health benefits of potatoes. With the implementation of FSANZ Standard 1.2.7 in January 2013 there are new opportunities for promoting the nutrition and health benefits of foods.. 140 days. Syngenta offers a range of crop protection products for potatoes. 90 days. Early, Main Crop, and Salad – and when they’re ready is variety dependent. They grow just as well in rounded mounds. Dug fresh from the garden, they’re a melt-in-the-mouth delight that taste so much better than shop bought ones. Great for growing in containers. This guarantees that what you eventually harvest resembles what you paid for. Most potatoes can be harvested when the plants start to flower. Maturity approximately 80/90 days. Location. Although not essential, it hurries things along, and greatly reduces the chances of the seed spuds rotting in the ground. Near harvest time keep the soil mounded to prevent tubers being exposed to the sun. Plant up from the end of February to late May. Growing Potatoes. White flesh. The earliest ‘new’ potatoes found in the grocery store are usually grown on sun-facing slopes in mild climates. Potatoes 03.12.2019 MIRAVIS® is a powerful new SDHI preventative fungicide from Syngenta containing ADEPIDYN® approved for the control of early blight (target spot) in potatoes. Try growing in the ground, in large containers or potato growing bags. Keep the soil moist as the potatoes grow, most importantly at flowering time when the baby potatoes are forming. Early blight of potato is a common disease found in most potato growing regions. Plant potatoes and tomatoes in different beds … Potatoes (Early) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. However, in her trial of early potatoes for NZ Gardener, Lynda Hallinan noted: "The old rule that you can harvest potatoes anytime after flowering doesn't hold true for earlies, as most are shy to flower.". It is, for an early sort, a large, beautiful, oblong, white-skinned potato. The key factor governing the time for planting all potatoes is the date of the last frost in your area. Swift potatoes will not discolour or disintegrate on steaming. Is a waxy potato (great for boiling) with a ‘buttery’ taste. Crop rotation is the most important way to avoid disease problems like blight. A long handled hoe is the easy way to keep the rows free of weeds as you mound the soil around the plants as they grow. However, some potatoes need more room than others to grow. Second Early Potatoes. New Zealand was one of the first countries in the world to register MIRAVIS in potatoes. Keep the top half of foliage uncovered. Small, new potatoes. Heirloom Potatoes and Shaw's Early Variety An English potato variety, much employed for forcing, and extensively cultivated in the vicinity of London for early marketing. For an early crop you want to mimic, as best you can, these sorts of conditions. Feeding. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. Early potatoes start arriving in garden centres in June or July. Potatoes prefer a lower pH than most vegetables. Contact Us +64 3 322 8117. mortonsmith_dawe@xtra.co.nz. Larger ones can be cut in half but this can make them susceptible to fungus diseases. 5 Steps to Potato Planting Success Select a certified seed potato variety and sprout potatoes until they are approximately 20-40mm long. This is because potatoes are susceptible to diseases. border: #c0c0c0 1px dotted; Lay the tubers in trays and place them in a light airy place, not a dark cupboard. left: 0px; Early and late refers to when they are more likely to appear, however the two can appear at the same time. They vary in size and colour but tend to have a purple/blackish skin with yellow or white flesh. a.tip:hover { 100 days Early cropper. Most potatoes can be harvested when the plants start to flower. Look for these products, tips and advice at a. Bayer has a broad portfolio of products that control the key pests and diseases of potatoes. Growing Potatoes: Early, Midseason and Late Varieties. 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